A new cathedral for London
The stones of St. Paul's flew like [grenades], the melting lead running down the streets in a stream, and the very pavements glowing with fiery redness, so as no horse nor man was able to tread on them.
John Evelyn, 4 September 1666
St Paul's Cathedral had been given a new west front by Inigo Jones in the 1630s but was still in disrepair. King Charles II had just agreed Christopher Wrenâ€™s plans for it in August 1666. On 4 September, fanned by the east wind, the fire reached the Cathedral and was fuelled by wooden scaffolding around it. It burnt completely.
After the Fire, Wren was commissioned to build a new cathedral "handsome and noble to all the ends of it and to the reputation of the City and the nationâ€. Work began in 1675 and the last stone was laid in 1708.